What is Whitewash? Is it still used in our days?
When I was a kid, I often heard the word "whitewash" when I was renovating my house. I always thought that whitewash and paint meant the same thing because they were often used together. Was this true? Is whitewash still used today?
Whitewashing is lime water applied to the exterior of buildings, walls or trees with a brush or spray method. The purpose of using it is to create a priming surface that will protect and clean the wall before painting. While in the past only lime whitewash was used, today plastic whitewash is also widely used.
After the plastering of the walls in the building is completed, a smooth surface is obtained. The color of this surface is not aesthetic because of the material from which it is made. Therefore, in order to obtain a more attractive appearance, it is necessary to produce whitewashing.
There are six types of whitewashing.
Lime whitewash: It is also popularly referred to as ordinary whitewash. It is obtained by quenching quicklime in water and mixing it with alum or salt. Ready-made whitewash limes are available on the market.
Plastic whitewash: The most distinctive feature is that it protects the surface better than other types of whitewash. It is more expensive than lime whitewash, but it lasts longer than lime whitewash. It can be wiped down with a damp cloth. This feature provides great convenience for people living at home.
Whitewash glue: It is made by mixing powdered glue and paint in the consistency of a powder. After mixing, you should wait at least 2 hours. There is no lime in glue whitewash.
Cement whitewash: It is preferred when it is necessary to obtain a tone close to the color of cement. It is obtained by applying a water-cement mixture to reinforced concrete, concrete briquette surfaces.
Casein whitewash: Used on surfaces such as cornices, columns, etc., where a matte appearance is required. It is formed by mixing lime whitewash with a certain amount of milk.
Marble whitewash: It is made from marble lime. It is similar in texture to lime whitewash. If desired, a dye can be added to it.
Special care must be taken when whitewashing. Incorrect application leads to a loss of time and unnecessary costs of work.
First, the room to be whitewashed is vacated. Furniture in contact with the whitewash can become unusable. Therefore, the room in which the whitewashing will be carried out should be carefully vacated, and the floors should be covered with nylon.
Before whitewashing begins, it is necessary to remove the chandeliers in the room.
Decide what type of whitewash to use.
The whitewash mixture to be used is prepared. The whitewash should be mixed well.
The whitewash is applied to the surface using a brush.